Latest SEPP

10. August 2019 – Speak Up America

has offered you with the Scientific and Environmental Policy Challenge (SEPP) Weekly Supply:
““ The objective of science is to seek out the only explanations for complicated information. We are likely to make the mistake of considering the details are easy, because simplicity is the aim of our endeavor. Each life thinker's guiding slogan ought to be "Seek simplicity and trust it". "- Alfred North Whitehead [H/t William Readdy]

Weekly: $ 20 / kWh vs. $ 1,250 / kWh

THIS WEEK:
By Ken Haapala, High Necessities for the Science and Surroundings Coverage Challenge (SEPP)

: Tony Heller typically publishes newspaper articles on its web site that show allegations of "unprecedented" heat or chilly, not least in the USA, the place the general public has had good weather reporting up to now. In a submit describing the acute climate circumstances and drought experienced in america during 1934, Heller's submit contained an excerpt from the January 1907 monthly climate report, a part of the C.A. [TWTW was unable to determine who the writer, C.A., was.] Heller included a link to all the page and the essay. The essay repeats. (Edited barely in your understanding.)

"Is not it the wisest honest politics?"

"An important article in independent 31 january tells an honest independent thinker experiments, which at the end of his long life is only able to say:" I am a slave and have all the time Committee been; And once more, “I need to remind my grandfather of the mental and religious independence, but that was fifty years in the past. * * Men are not measured by spirituality or mental achievement. * * * It is an unfortunate proven fact that we have now to face truthfully that a wealthy man in his surroundings rejects the typical man for his independence and masculinity. * * The time has come for a profitable individual to be financially unbiased of their salary. "

" All of this can be true for ministry, schooling, and some other professions, nevertheless it should not be a real scientific man and least of all a meteorologist; and yet we’re advised that in one state frost and frost, in another drought and rain, in another earthquakes, tornadoes in some areas, and hurricanes in others, are things that mom is the word for; that climate males usually are not allowed to publish trustworthy studies on these subjects because of the injury to local businesses and the growth of the earth, and that once they do trustworthy reviews, they need to endure attacks from those who need to suppress the truth.

“This should not be. If a couple of individuals are injured by an sudden natural phenomenon, be it an earthquake, storm, frost, flood, drought or lightning strikes, the remainder of the world is involved in understanding this reality; as a result of it allows us all to search for comparable occasions. Early warning has been refined, and the Climate Bureau's main obligation is to care for one of the best interests of the group as an entire. The whole individuals help us and we owe it our greatest service. An lively businessman may be justified in boosting the monetary interests of his company and shoppers, but he protects only a small a part of the group; and the regulation doesn’t even permit him to help his good friend trigger damage to others. Climate, mineral, agricultural and forest circumstances, in addition to group well being, are matters of widespread curiosity, of which the whole fact ought to be often known as intently as attainable. Each patriotic citizen should insurgent towards the concept the individuals and the individuals's government shouldn’t publish an trustworthy report on the knowledge collected by their own official observers for the good thing about all individuals.

“It’s incorrect to wreck or suppress the statement of a pure phenomenon, however it’s also mistaken to make use of it improperly. In truth, misuse of meteorological knowledge, not statement or publication, is a criminal offense towards the group. Helpful statement and cautious analysis must be encouraged. Misunderstandings have to be prevented as harmful. The unbiased press & # 39 ;, common vote & # 39; shouldn’t solely be & quot; Vox Populi & quot; but in addition & quot; Vox Dei & # 39; which suppresses all scams and scams. defending the truth and the interests of the entire individuals towards themselves. some interest. -C. A. "[Boldface added.]

A monthly weather report was ready by the Military's guide troops in 1872, after which it was transferred to the weather department of the Division of Agriculture in 1891. In 1979, the workplace turned part of the newly established National Oceanic Regulation. and the Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which later transferred the report to the American Meteorological Society (AMS) in 1974. Unfortunately, leaders of the AMS, NOAA, and other organizations that depend on trustworthy reporting appear to be more vulnerable to frustration. making predictions / predictions / predictions from non-validated mathematical fashions and speculating on what occurs. See the hyperlinks beneath Change climate.

Monster of Insecurity: For the previous few years, Judith Curry has on her website Climate and so on. debated what he calls the "monster of uncertainty," the good uncertainty of climate fashions of what can occur to carbon dioxide (CO2). ) – triggered international warming. The unsure monster leads to fashions with long, greasy tails, which are estimated to heat as much as 10ºC (18ºF) from doubling carbon dioxide. In the newest matter communication, Curry discusses the potential situations (storyline) of carbon dioxide emissions and their probability. Dialogue is essential but could also be pointless for a lot of reasons. One, laboratory checks and calculations thereof, present that the connection between carbon dioxide and temperatures is a clean perform that may be described as a logarithm, whereby the temperature rise above the increased CO2 to in the present day's 400 elements per million approaches zero, however not as much.

Two, Ross McKitrick and John Christy, have offered proof that temperature is as a lot as could be completed by observational knowledge the place all exterior influences usually are not controlled. The "tropical hot spot" doesn’t develop. Thus, the amplification of CO2-induced warming by water vapor does not occur the place it must be, to the point the place it can be measured. Subsequently, water vapor that amplifies CO2-induced warming, as described in the Charney Report, has not been detected and international local weather models describing it have to be changed. The Charney report didn’t provide bodily proof to help its claim. Three, once the consequences of volcanoes and El Niños have been faraway from the event of atmospheric temperature, the environment warms slowly, not alarmingly.

And four, the infrared sound of the environment. , AIRS, on a NASA Aqua satellite ship launched in 2002 and observes infrared radiation from Earth to area.

“It's a shock to many, but water vapor is the dominant greenhouse fuel in the Earth's environment. It accounts for about 60% of the worldwide greenhouse fuel impact, far exceeding the mixed results of elevated carbon dioxide, methane, ozone and other greenhouse gases.

“The advanced know-how of AIRS makes it probably the most superior water vapor sensor ever. constructed. And AIRS water vapor knowledge is already enhancing climate fashions. Along with water vapor, AIRS measures all different main greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, the most important supply of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, carbon monoxide, methane and ozone. "

And

" The AIRS instrument package was built to provide atmospheric atmosphere. Temperature profiles with an accuracy of 1 Kelvin for every 1 kilometer of the troposphere and an accuracy of 1 Kelvin for every 4 kilometers of the stratosphere up to 40 kilometers. The accuracy of the temperature profile of the troposphere corresponds to that achieved with ground-based radiosondes. The advantage of the AIRS series in orbit is its rapid global coverage, as there is virtually no radiosonde coverage of the oceans of the country. "

This knowledge doesn’t present a big warming since 2002. Unfortunately, models like NASA-GISS at the moment are claiming. that new, accurate devices show their top quality previously manipulated knowledge. In reality, NASA-GISS is decreasing the importance of latest units. Now, NASA-GISS writes:

“The research also confirms what scientists have been saying for some time: that the temperature of the Earth since 1880 – about 2 degrees Fahrenheit or simply over 1 degree Celsius. – can’t be defined by any uncertainty or error within the info. In the future, this evaluation will provide researchers with the instruments to elucidate the results with larger certainty. "

And

" It is important to understand uncertainty because we know that in the real world we do not know everything perfectly, "stated GISS director and analysis assistant Gavin Schmidt. & # 39; All science is predicated on understanding the restrictions of the numbers you provide you with, and these uncertainties can decide whether the change you see or the change is absolutely necessary. & # 39;

It is questionable that such NASA / GISS nonsense would have been tolerant in the weather office in 1907.

By discreetly commenting on NASA-GISS, it appears that evidently Curry's insecurity is essentially because of fashions and model product, not the physics product in query. In fact, there’s uncertainty in physics, akin to quantum mechanics, where both particle velocity and position measurement can’t be made with excessive accuracy.

Nevertheless, this uncertainty does not mean that we can’t acquire knowledge to estimate the greenhouse impact with affordable accuracy. The upcoming TWTW will talk about the consequences of greenhouse effects that international local weather models have theoretically captured compared to what the fashions truly capture. See hyperlinks to Challenging Orthodoxy and
https: //airs.jpl.nasa.gov…
https://airs.jpl.nasa.gov/data…
and
https: // Local weather .nasa.gov / news / 2876 /…

Sudden UN report: In comparison with current stories by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Local weather Change (IPCC), the newest particular report is surprisingly delicate and most of the conclusions might be defended. For a few years, the US Department of Agriculture has emphasised the need for farmers to protect the soil by way of methods corresponding to improved tillage, crop rotation and cover crops. Defending the country from erosion was a standard theme.

Protecting the earth appears to be the primary theme of the newest IPCC report: “Local weather Change and Land: IPCC Particular Report on Local weather Change, Desertification, Land Degradation, Sustainable Land Use. , food safety and greenhouse fuel flows in terrestrial ecosystems. “In fact, vegetarians and different individuals who eat meat claimed that the report confirmed their dietary aspirations.

In an essay by the Wall Road Journal, vegetarian Bjorn Lomborg disagreed. He wrote:

“… The report rightly refers to the need to enhance international food methods, but the ranks highlight the necessity for wealthy nations to transform their eating habits. This is an ineffective and unattainable political response.

"The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published alongside the report 20 'headline statements' for decision makers. Only one evaluates the effect of dietary responses. It is based on a 2016 paper that explores whether the whole world switched to a vegan diet by giving up dairy, eggs and meat – what the UN calls the "extreme state of affairs" – might scale back meals-associated greenhouse fuel emissions by up to 70%.

“This sounds more spectacular than it’s: Just one-seventh of all emissions come from meals. In addition, the estimate also assumes that folks eat simply enough calories to take care of a wholesome weight.

Vegetarian Lomborg also states:

"Vegetarianism is really difficult. According to one major US study in 2014, 84% of potential vegetarians gave up their diet in less than a year. 1,190 pounds of carbon dioxide per year, which is only 4.3% of the average person's emissions in the developed world. "

A lot of the articles in the report are a great indication of the writer's ideology. See article 2 and links on Defending Orthodoxy and Agriculture. ] All reanalysis knowledge: Last week's TWTW mentioned Roy Spencer's message, which helps using US reanalysis knowledge for surface temperatures, and this week, Spencer said that not all reanalysis knowledge is of the same quality. Meteorological Group (WMO), the info utilized by ERA5, exhibits incorrect warming. For TWTW, this biased warming shouldn’t be notably shocking provided that the WMO is planning warming in Antarctic areas with no thermometers and UAH satellite knowledge displaying no warming tendencies for more than 40 years. For hyperlinks, see Measurement points – Floor.

Battery power costly? Power skilled Donn Dears calculated the cost of operating a easy battery electrical car (BEV) compared to an identical car with an inner combustion engine (ICE). He used an expected age of 11 years with BEV to require a battery alternative after 8 years or 80,000 miles. He made three batches of electricity prices and three batches of gasoline.

Dears concluded that the cost of owning a BEV will never compete with an ICE car when the worth of electricity is high, even if the price of gasoline is high. is high, like California. The sidewall Jo Nova has a humorous picture of an electrical automotive charging station with a diesel engine. For links, see Various Green ("Clean") Automobiles.

Inexperienced Power – Concrete and Metal and Mining: Mark Mills has been skeptical of the demands of the Green Representatives for additional improvements, akin to a big improve in wind effectivity. generators. In the Wall Road Journal, he talks concerning the want for concrete and metal and mining for inexperienced power, the so-referred to as "green energy". To satisfy the wants of "renewable energy sources". Some details embrace:

The "one wind construction" turbine requires 900 tons of metal, 2,500 tons of concrete and 45 tons of non-recyclable plastic. [Size not specified.] Photo voltaic power requires much more cement, steel and glass – not to mention different metals. International silver and indium mining will leap 250% and 1,200% over the subsequent couple of many years to offer the material needed to construct solar panels, the Worldwide Power Company predicts. World demand for uncommon earths – not rare however not often mined in America – will attain 300-1000% by 2050 to satisfy the Paris Inexperienced Objectives. If electrical automobiles exchange typical automobiles, the demand for cobalt and lithium will more than double. It doesn’t rely on batteries to again up wind and solar networks.

In Europe or the USA, mines are unlikely to satisfy demand for minerals. As an alternative, much of the mining activity takes place in nations with distressing work patterns. The Democratic Republic of Congo produces 70% of the world's crude cobalt, and China controls 90% of its cobalt refining. The Sydney Institute for a Sustainable Future warns that the worldwide "gold rush" of minerals might take miners "to some remote wilderness areas [that] that have not yet been disturbed by high biodiversity."

The big Western press and inexperienced business largely neglect the environmental injury brought on by mining lithium and cobalt for batteries in China and Congo. As an alternative, the inexperienced business is making an attempt to shut down the small mining business that is occurring in america. See Article 1 and hyperlinks to Difficult Orthodoxy.

SEPP APRILLIN FOOLS Award
JACKSON

. The voting is over and the winner who greatest matches the qualification is chosen. I hope you’re lacking fragments here.

Weekly: $ 20 / kWh vs. $ 1,250 / kWh. A research workforce led by members of the MIT Institute for Knowledge, Methods and Society estimates very rough estimates that "below $ 20 / kWh of energy storage capacity could provide cost-competitive basic power" with wind and sun as the first era source. The survey is predicated on 4 places over 20 years with an hourly resolution. Nevertheless, as Tom Quirk of Australia has repeatedly proven, hourly decision may be very deceptive by hiding brief-term however vital production disruptions.

In 2018, america Environmental Impression Evaluation revealed rough estimates of the cost of numerous battery storage technologies. technical features. Brief-time period batteries final less than 30 minutes, lengthy-time period batteries final more than 2 hours. The typical capacity-weighted average of all applied sciences is roughly $ 1,250 / kWh.

In order for Western civilizations to realize the "green dream" of not utilizing fossil fuels, a substantial amount of planetary motion is required, and major technical breakthroughs are also required. The mobilization of the required nation movement is possible at nice expense and problem, however the vital technical enhancements cannot be imposed or expected. See hyperlinks in Various Green ("Clean") Power Storage

NEWS You Can Use:

Contents

Science: Is the Solar Rising?

A 22-minute speech summarizing my views on international warming
by Nir Shaviv, Science Bits, August 4, 2019
http://www.sciencebits.com/22-minute…

[SEPP Comment: From the ICCC-13 conference organized by The Heartland Institute.]

Climategate continued

looking for the enchanting press of Yamal
Writer: Charles Moderator, WUWT, 6 Aug 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/08 …

Challenging Orthodoxy – NIPCC

Climate Change Assessment II: Physics
Idso, Carter and Singer, Main Authors / Editors, International Non-Governmental Climate Change Panel (NIPCC), 2013
https://www.heartland.org/media-lib…
Summary:
http: // www.nipccreport.org/studies/…[19659003seasonClimateChangeReviewedII:BiologicalImpact
Idso, Idso, Carter and Singer, Main Authors / Editors, NGO International abdomen change (NIPCC), 2014
http: //climatechangereconsidered.or…
Abstract:
https://www.heartland.org/media-lib…

Climate Change Evaluate II: Fossil Fuels
Multiple Writers, Bezdek, Idso, Legates & Singer, Ed., International Climate Change Panel, April 2019
http://store.heartland.org/shop/ccr…
Obtain Free:
http: / /climatechangereconsidered.or…

Why scientists disagree with international warming
NIPCC Report on Scientific Consensus
by Craig D. Idso, Robert M. Carter and S. Fred Laulaja, Worldwide Non-governmental Local weather Change November 23, 2015
http: //climatechangereconsidered.or…
Download Free:
https://www.heartland.org/policy- tee…

Nature, not human activity, regulates the local weather .
S. Fred Singer, Editor, NIPCC, 2008
http://www.sepp.org/publications/ni…

International Sea Degree Rise: An Assessment of Knowledge
. Writer: Craig D. Idso, David Legates, and S. Fred Singer, Temporary Description of Heartland Policy, Might 20, 2019
https://www.heartland.org/_template…

My New Video – Local weather Change Assessment II : Fossil Fuels
by Anthony Watts, WUWT, July 14, 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/07…

Challenging Orthodoxy

Michael Crichton: Famous Author, Physician, Modern Genius
John Dale Dunn, American Thinker, August four, 2019
https://www.americanthinker.com/blo…
“We have to decide on a daily basis whether the threats we face are real, whether the solutions we provide do any good, the problems we are told are really real problems or no problems. … Each of us has a sense of the world, and we all know that this feeling is given to us in part by what other people and society tell us [.]…
“I like our past environmental activities, to say the least, because even the best-planned endeavors have often gone wrong. At the same time, I think we do not recognize our past failures and face them directly. … ”

Prime Ten Reasons to Warm Up: Professional Checklist
Guest Message: Jim Steele, WUWT, August eight, 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/08…

Why the Elite
loves ecological warriors.
Fraser Myers, Spiked, August eight, 2019
https://www.spiked-online.com/2019/…
“Against this, Extinction Rebel environmentalist campaigns are towards freedom. They seek to impose new restrictions on human actions: business, economic progress, journey, food plan and childbirth. "

Monster of Local weather Insecurity: What's the Worst Case?
Judith Curry, Climate And so on October 11, 2018
https://judithcurry.com/2018/10/11/…
Link to Slides from Rand Shows: Climate Change and Insecurity
by Monster
by Judith Curry, Net of Local weather Forecasting Purposes, August 2018
https: //curryja.information.wordpress.com…
Ja:
Uncertainty in Local weather Forecasts
by Judith Curry and Mona Behl, Local weather, and so forth. August 20. , 2018
https://judithcurry.com/2018/08/20/…

New doc supported by Michael Moore critically examines various power
Employees AP, Aug 7, 2019
https. : //ktla.com/2019/08/07/new-mic…

The previous, current and future developments require mining.
John Clema, WUWT, Aug. 7, 2019
https: // wattsupwiththat. com / 2019/08…

Defending Orthodoxy

Local weather Change and Country: IPCC Particular Report on Climate Change, Desertification, Land Degradation, Sustainable Land Use, Meals Safety and Greenhouse Fuel Flows in Terrestrial Ecosystems [9459] https://www.ipcc.ch/report/srccl/?m…
https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/upl…
[SEPP Comment: And if we cut CO2 needed for photosynthesis, we will grow more food?]

By: & # 39; Desertification & # 39; and the importance of climate change
Desertification has been described as "the greatest environmental challenge of our time" and is being aggravated by climate change.
Robert McSweeney, Carbon Temporary, August 6, 2019
https://www.carbonbrief.org/explain…
[SEPP Comment: Great propaganda photo of eroded land with lots of green!]

Leadership Without Care
RK Pachauri, The Pioneer, 7 August 2019 [19659072] https://www.dailypioneer.com/2019/c…
“The author is a former chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2002-15”.
[SEPP Comment: Does title apply to the author who did not care for integrity of the science in the reports the IPCC produced?] [1 9659003] United Nations Emergency Summit
Posted by Donn Dears, Power for the USA, August 9, 2019
https://ddears.com/2019/08/09/un-em…

The IPCC reported Fatwa consuming meat
Jo Nova, her blog, August 9, 2019
http://joannenova.com.au/2019/08/ip…

114 personal jets gathered in Sicily to battle carbon emissions [19459003Rememberthese?
Posted by Lubos Motl, The Reference Body, August 5, 2019
https://motls.blogspot.com/2019/08/…
[SEPP Comment: Explanation why carbon dioxide indulgences gained't work regardless that the rich would anticipate them.]

Difficult Orthodoxy

Google, Groupthink & Media
Media promotes psychological unity. Does Google comply with the same path?
Donna Laframboise, Massive Image News, August 7, 2019
https://nofrakkingconsensus.com/201…
“With out censorship, ideas which might be trendy within the West are rigorously distinguished from those who will not be trendy; Nothing is forbidden, but what shouldn’t be formal is unlikely to ever find its means into magazines or books or heard at universities. Legally, your researchers are free, but they’re ruled by modern trend. “

The dismantling of the free market does not remedy the menace to biodiversity.
The hype of the disturbance biologist and the dismantling of capitalism do not tackle the threat of biodiversity.
Matt Ridley, Human Progress, Might 9, 2019
https://humanprogress.org/article.p…

Julia Hartley-Brewer: Don't Fear About Local weather Change: The Finish Is Not Near
Julia Hartley- Brewer, Sunday Categorical, August 5, 2019
https://www.thegwpf.com/julia-hartl…

elites, media and small individuals
by Donna Laframboise, Huge Picture News, August 5, 2019
https://nofrakkingconsensus.com/201…

After Paris!

China's emissions might peak ten years sooner than Paris local weather promise & # 39; – Insist on carbonic acid
Paul Homewood, not many individuals realize it, August 8, 2019
https: //notalotofpeopleknowthat.wor…

Chinese language coal mine a pprovals rising despite climate commitments
David Stan , August 6, 2019 [H/t WUWT] https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-c…

Change in US Administration

EPA submits last controversial automotive emissions rule to White Home
. By Miranda Green, The Hill, August 5, 2019
https://thehill.com/policy/energy-e…

A prime climate change scientist stops USDA in line with the Trump administration making an attempt to bury his investigation
Chris Mills Rodrigo and Rebecca Beitsch, The Hill, August 5, 2019
https://thehill.com/homenews/admini…
[SEPP Remark; Unable to find link to review: the necessary query in “nutrient loss” is how a lot? Ten %, 1 %, one-tenth of one %? Does it apply to all varieties, or a couple of varieties? Given the poor quality of research on agriculture issues within the Fourth National Climate Evaluation, it cannot be assumed that the scientific technique was rigorously utilized.] [19659049] Finding a Widespread Area

Why You Shouldn't Draw Trendlines on Graphs
Guest Writer by Kip Hansen , WUWT, Aug 6, 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/08… [19659003] Chris Kenny: Affordable Climate Change Debate Now Extinct,
Chris Kenny, Australian, By way of GWPF, Aug 6, 2019
https://www.thegwpf.com/sensible-cl…

Assessment Current Scientists Fic Articles CO2 Science

Constructive Impact of Fossil Fuels Use on Terrestrial Grid Main Productivity
O & # 39; Sulliva n, MO, Spracklen, DV, Batterman, SA, Arnold, SR, Gloor, M. and Buermann, W. 2019. Have the synergies between nitrogen deposition and atmospheric carbon dioxide produced a current enchancment in terrestrial carbon sinks? International Biogeochemical Cycles 33: https: //doi.org…
August eight, 2019
http://www.co2science.org/articles/…

model numbers

How did they calculate it?
News: Kip Hansen, WUWT, August 7, 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/08…
[SEPP Comment: Interesting question: do different models have different priorities in calculations?]

Measurement Instances – Floor

Evidence that ERA5 at International temperatures have the fallacious warmings.
Roy Spencer, his weblog, August 6, 2019
http://www.drroyspencer.com/2019/08…
[SEPP Comment: Not particularly surprising given that the WMO projects warming in areas of Antarctica where there are no thermometers and UAH satellite data shows no warming over 40 years.]

Season your eyes with the Streaky Bay Thermometer – Over Bit 31 for a Long Time for the yr
Jo Nova, her blog, August 9, 2019
http://joannenova.com.au/2019/08/fe…

Woman Elliot, Temperature Tendencies
Posted by Jennifer Marohasy, her weblog, August three, 2019
https://jennifermarohasy.com/2019/0…

New temperature reconstruction reveals Asian Tianshan Mountains to be 1-2 ° C hotter in the 18th century
Kenneth Richard, No Tips, 8 August 2019
https://notrickszone.com/2019/08/08…
Link to paper: 333 yr average minimal temperature reconstruction knowledge within the West Tianshan Mountains, China
Liang Jiao, et al., Geochronmetry , Aug. 9, 2019
https://www.degruyter.com/downloadp… [19659049]Mittauskysymykset – Ilmapiiri

Heinäkuu 2019 Kartat ja kuvaajat
Globaali lämpötilaraportti
Henkilökunnan edustajat, Alabaman yliopiston Earth System Science Middle, Huntsville, elokuu 2019
https://www.nsstc.uah.edu/climate/2…
https: // www. nsstc.uah.edu/local weather/2 ……………..19659049] Muuttuva sää

Millainen todellinen ilmastokriisi näyttää
Tony Heller, The Deplorable Local weather Science Blog, 9. elokuuta 2019
https: // realclimatescience .com / 2019…

Niin kuuma, että näemme nuo City Warmth -saaret avaruudesta
Jo Nova, hänen blogi, 8. elokuuta 2019
http://joannenova.com.au/2019/08 / me…

Heatwaves & Fl tuhka tulvat "uusi normaali"? Heillä on aina, Hayley!
Paul Homewood, ei monet ihmiset tiedä sitä, 9. elokuuta 2019
https: //notalotofpeopleknowthat.wor…

Changing Seas

Fort Denisonin keskimääräinen merenpinta
Geoff, Australian Climate Skeptics Weblog, 6. elokuuta 2019
http: //theclimatescepticsparty.blog…
[SEPP Comment: Video describing the rising and falling of Fort Dennison mean sea levels, outside of Sydney.]

Maailman merenpinnan nousu alkoi kiihtyä '30 vuotta aikaisemmin 'kuin aikaisemmin ajateltiin
Aysha Tandon, Carbon Temporary, 5. elokuuta 2019
https://www.carbonbrief.org/global-…

Jatkuva kiihtyvyys maailmanlaajuisessa merenpinnan nousussa 1960-luvulta lähtien
Sönke Dangendorf, et ai. Luonto, ilmastonmuutos, 5. elokuuta 2019
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41…
[SEPP Comment: Measuring global sea level rise from 1968 to 2015 with an accuracy of plus or minus 0.01mm/year???]

Epämiellyttävä tutkimus: Merenpinnan nousu ei todennäköisesti hukuta matalapuolisia Tyynenmeren atolleja.
Tekijä: H. Sterling Burnett, WUWT, 5. elokuuta 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/08…
Linkki paperille: Fyysinen mallintaminen riuttasaarten reagoinnille merenpinnan nousuun
Tuck, Kench, Ford ja Messelink, Gelology, 5. heinäkuuta 2019
https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gs…

Muuttuva kryosfääri – maa- / merijää

suurimmalle osalle Viimeiset 10 000 vuotta, Grönlannin jäälehden ja jäätikön volyymi oli !! BBPienempi kuin tänään
Kenneth Richard, No Tips Zone, 5. elokuuta 2019
https://notrickszone.com/2019/08/05… [19659003] Alaskan vedet, joissa ei ole merijäätä, eivät ole ongelma Tyynenmeren kurkkuun tai jääkarhuihin.
Susan Crockford, Polar Bear Science, 7. elokuuta 2019
https://polarbearscience.com/2019/0…
[SEPP Comment: The success of the Marine Mammal Act indicates dangerous carbon dioxide-caused climate change?]

Ei mitään g tapahtuu arktisella alueella
Tony Heller, The Deplorable Climate Science Blog, 9. elokuuta 2019
https://realclimatescience.com/2019 …

Ei ennusteta: enemmän merijäää kuin keskimäärin eteläisimmässä Arctic first week of August
By Susan Crockford, Polar Bear Science, Aug 9, 2019
https://polarbearscience.com/2019/0…

Altering Earth

Drop of historic seawater rewrites Earth's historical past
By Employees Writers, Johannesburg, South Africa (SPX) Aug 05, 2019
http://www.terradaily.com/reports/D…
Hyperlink to paper: Deep hydrous mantle reservoir supplies evidence for crustal recycling earlier than three.3 billion years in the past
By Alexander V. Sobolev, et al. Nature, July 25, 2019
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41…

Groundwater reserves in Africa could also be extra resilient to local weather change than first thought
By Mark Cuthbert and Richard Taylor, The Dialog, Aug 7, 2019 [H/t GWPF]https://theconversation.com/groundw…
[SEPP Comment: Not thought, or not known, by whom?]

Acidic Waters

Unusual coral spawning enhancing Nice Barrier Reef’s resilience
By Employees, Press Launch, The University of Queensland, AU, Aug 6, 2019 [H/t GWPF]https://www.uq.edu.au/news/article/…
Link to paper: Cut up spawning will increase robustness of coral larval supply and inter-reef connectivity
By Karlo Hock, et al., Nature, Communications, Aug 1, 2019
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41…

Research considers sensory impacts of environmental change on ocean species
Lays groundwork for extra analysis on communication pathways within the sea
By Employees, NSF, Aug 1, 2019
https://www.nsf.gov/disc overies/dis…
“Studies of how global environmental change is impacting marine organisms have long focused on physiological effects—for example, an oyster’s decreased ability to build or maintain a strong shell in an ocean that is becoming more acidic due to excess levels of carbon dioxide.”
[SEPP Comment: Hardly compelling when ocean waters will remain alkaline.]

Agriculture Points & Worry of Famine

Local weather Change and Land: An IPCC particular report on local weather change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land administration, food safety, and greenhouse fuel fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems
By Employees, IPCC, Aug 8, 2019
https://www.ipcc.ch/report/srccl/?m…
[SEPP Comment: And if we cut CO2 needed for photosynthesis, we will grow more food?]

The UN’s Food Police
By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of Individuals Know That, Aug 9, 2019
https://notalotofpeopleknowthat.wor…
[SEPP Comment: An interview of Marc Morano of CFACT.]

We should change meals manufacturing to save lots of the world, says leaked report
Slicing carbon from transport and power ‘not sufficient IPCC finds
By Robin McKie. The Guardian. Aug four. 2019 [H/t Climate Depot]https://www.theguardian.com/environ…

To Sluggish International Warming, U.N. Warns Agriculture Must Change
By Rebecca Hersher, and Allison Aubrey, NPR, Aug eight, 2019
https://www.npr.org/sections/thesal…

Decreasing Standards

Malfeasant Omissions? German Flagship ARD Broadcasting One-Sided, Drama-Making Sea Degree Reporting
By P Gosselin, No Tips Zone, Aug 9, 2019
https://notrickszone.com/2019/08/09…
[SEPP Comment: The public should not expect unbiased newscasts from publicly funded stations?]

Communicating Higher to the Public – Exaggerate, or be Obscure?

Throwing chilly water on excessive heat hype
By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of Individuals Know That, Aug 9, 2019
https://notalotofpeopleknowthat.wor…

International warming brings growing wildfire danger to wet elements of the Pacific Northwest
By Tom James, AP, Aug four, 2019
https://www.oregonlive.com/pacific-…

Media Ignore Huge Summer time Cold Throughout Northern Hemisphere; Southern USA, Russia See “Record Lows” In July
By P Gosselin, No Tips Zone, Aug three, 2019
https://notrickszone.com/2019/08/03…

Siberia forest fires spark potential ‘disaster’ for Arctic
By Maria Panina, Phys.org, July 30, 2019
https://phys.org/news/2019-07-siber…

Speaking Higher to the Public – Make issues up.

Anthropocene: “it will be the rocks that have the final say” about this pretend phrase.
Guest geology by David Middleton, WUWT, Aug 7, 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/08…
[SEPP Comment: Dismissing non-science.]

Time Magazine: Arctic Nearing ‘Point of No Return’ From Climate Change
By Thomas Williams, Brietbart, Aug three, 2019
https://www.breitbart.com/environme…

July heatwave as much as 3C hotter as a result of local weather change
By Patrick Galey, Paris (AFP), Aug 2, 2019
http://www.terradaily.com/reports/J…
[SEPP Comment: And the extreme cold in eastern Europe, Russia was from CO2- caused global warming?]

Communicating Be tter to the Public – Go Personal.

Pretend information: an open letter to the Editor of the Washington Submit
By Christopher Monckton of Brenchley, WUWT, Aug 5, 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/08…

Climate Professional or UN certified Seer? Joelle Gergis does “gut-wrenching” grieving horror, volcanic rage
By Jo Nova, Her Blog, Aug 5, 2019
http://joannenova.com.au/2019/08/cl…

Communicating Better to the Public – Use Propaganda

Can we avert a local weather change apocalypse by hacking the planet’s environment? And will we?
By Anna Salleh, ABC Information, AU, July 23, 2019 H/t PV Sheriden]https://www.abc.net.au/news/science…

Speaking Better to the Public – Use Propaganda on Youngsters

Extinction Insurrection means “Suppress resistance to one’s government.”
By Chris Kenny, Australian Local weather Sceptics, Aug 6, 2019
http://theclimatescepticsparty.blog…

Greta Throws Journalists Out of Climate Summit
By Fabienne Kinzelmann and Andrea Cattani Bick, Swiss News, By way of GWPF, Aug 9, 2019
https://www.thegwpf.com/green-mini-…
[SEPP Comment: Teen-age thinking taken to new levels of thinking? Or is it teen-age behavior?]

Increasing the Orthodoxy

Local weather Lease-In search of Backfiring on Chemours As Financial Reality Intrudes
By Ben Lieberman, CEI, Aug 9, 2019
https://cei.org/blog/climate-rent-s…

Questioning European Green

Green Power Transition Flops as International Demand for Fossil Fuels Is Growing
By Employees, Financial Occasions, Aug 3, 2019
https://www.thegwpf.com/green-energ…
“Coal, oil and gas still expected to contribute 85% of primary power supply by 2040.”

EU’s Power Coverage Makes Brexit Seem More Affordable
By Larry Bell, Newsmax, Aug 5, 2019
https://www.newsmax.com/larrybell/c…

Committee On Climate Change Price range Rose By 36% Final Yr
By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of Individuals Know That, Aug 7, 2019
https://notalotofpeopleknowthat.wor…

Germany: ‘Meat tax’ on the table to guard the climate
Meat is relatively low cost for shoppers in Germany. However that would all be about to vary as lawmakers from across the political spectrum back proposals aimed toward climate protection and animal welfare.
By Employees, D/W, Aug 7, 2019
https://www.dw.com/en/germany-meat-…

Questioning Inexperienced Elsewhere

‘Sustainability’ Accounting: Subjectivism Compounded (political numbers pollution)
By Robert Bradley Jr. Grasp Resource, Aug 8, 2019
https://www.masterresource.org/sust…

Kiwi Climatology: Land of the Lengthy White Clods
By Walter Starck, Quadrant, Aug 9, 2019
https://quadrant.org.au/opinion/doo…
“The whole idea of tearing the heart out of a nation’s economy to reduce methane emissions from livestock is an unbelievable display of scientific, technological and economic ignorance. It goes far beyond simply not knowing or being mistaken.”
[SEPP Comment: Despite claims by the IPCC, in the atmosphere, the greenhouse effect of methane is negligible on this planet as Starck explains.]

Seattle eyes its personal ‘green new deal’
By John Ryan, KUOW, Aug 1, 2019 [H/t Gordon Fulks]https://www.kuow.org/stories/city-c…
[SEPP Comment: What will a carbon friendly Seattle look like? Deserted? Will the ferries rely on sails and oars?]

Funding Issues

Climate Hysteria: Comply with the Money
By Michael Kile, Quadrant, Aug 11, 2019
https://quadrant.org.au/opinion/doo…
“Don’t be tricked, dear reader, by a “higher purpose” assertion or the constant ‘climate change’ alarmism. And don’t be informal about causality. The misguided quest to’ save the planet’ is predicated on a false premise. Carbon dioxide isn’t a pollutant, neither is it the first driver of the Earth’s ever-altering climate. Go tell it on the mountain.”

Litigation Points

Fraud and corruption deliver huge payoffs
California judges present stage for kangaroo courtroom justice over Roundup weedkiller
By Paul Driessen, WUWT, Aug four, 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/08…

Bayer Proposes Paying $8 Billion to Settle Roundup Cancer Claims
By Jef Feeley , Joel Rosenblatt , and Tim Loh, Bloomberg, Aug 9, 2019
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/arti…

EPA and different Regulators on the March

EPA proposes rolling again states’ authority over pipeline tasks
By Rebecca Beitsch, The Hill, Aug 9, 2019
https://thehill.com/policy/energy-e…

Power Points – Non-US

German Company For Catastrophe Preparedness Calls On Citizens To “Be Ready For Widespread Blackouts”
By P Gosselin, No Tips Zone, Aug 7, 2019
https://notrickszone.com/2019/08/07…
[SEPP Comment: Warning of blackouts from natural disasters from climate change such as droughts, heat waves and floods, cyber-attacks, and erratic grid fluctuations.]

Power Issu es – Australia

Australian Authorities Sues Wind Farm Operators Over the 2016 South Australian Blackout
Visitor essay by Eric Worrall, WUWT, Aug 10, 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/08…

Easy methods to destroy the photo voltaic business — lesson from the Socialist republic of Victoria
By Jo Nova, Her Weblog, Aug 6, 2019
http://joannenova.com.au/2019/08/ho…

Power Points — US

People Need a Balanced Power Portfolio
By David Holt, Actual Clear Power, Aug 6, 2019
https://www.realclearenergy.org/art…
[SEPP Comment: How are erratic sources balanced?]

Houston’s ‘Sustainability’ Planning: Extra Climate Pork
By Charles Battig, Grasp Useful resource, Aug 7, 2019
https://www.masterresource.org/unca…

D.C.’s Climate Litigation Hypocrisy
By Clara McGrail, Power in Depth, Aug 1, 2019
https://eidclimate.org/d-c-s-climat…

Oil and Natural Fuel – the Future or the Past?[19659050]How the US shale revolution modified the face of geopolitics
By John Hulsman, Metropolis A.M., July 8, 2019
https://www.cityam.com/how-the-us-s…

Surf’s Up: Second wave of LNG is here
By Sergio Chapa, Houston Chronicle, July 26, 2019
https://www.houstonchronicle.com/bu…

Return of King Coal?

India expects coal capacity to swell by a fifth in three years
Chief Engineer on the country’s Federal Power Ministry, Ghanshyam Prasad, stated coal capability is more likely to reach 238GW by 2022
By Jonny Bairstow, Power Reside, Aug 5, 2019
https://www.energylivenews.com/2019…

Oil Spills, Fuel Leaks & Consequences

Natural Fuel Pipeline In Kentucky Explodes, Killing 1, Injuring 5
By Charles Kennedy, Oil Worth.com, Aug 1, 2019
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-…

Wait…Who’s Making an attempt to Beat Local weather Change?
By Paul Vallely, Townhall, Aug 10, 2019
https:// t ownhall.com/columnists/maj…

Various, Inexperienced (“Clean”) Solar and Wind

Georgia Power Pushes Again on Pressured Solar (in the Crony Briar Patch)
By Jim Clarkson, Grasp Resource, Aug 6, 2019
https://www.masterresource.org/clar…

Costly Particularly For Residence House owners! Wind Turbines Can Lower Property Values By Up To 23%, German Research Finds!
By P Gosselin, No Tips Zone, Aug 6, 2019
https://notrickszone.com/2019/08/06…

Various, Inexperienced (“Clean”) Power — Different

EU Wooden Burning Underneath Hearth
Wooden Pellets Draw Hearth as Various to Coal
A lawsuit says European policy on utilizing pellets will improve greenhouse-fuel emissions; ‘burning gas would release far less carbon dioxide,’ professional says
By Charlie McGee, WSJ, By way of GWPF, Aug 7, 2019
https://www.thegwpf.com/eu-wood-bur…

Various, Green (“Clean”) Power — Storage

How a lot power storage prices should fall to succeed in renewable power’s full potential
By Charles the Moderator, WUWT, Aug 8, 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/08…
Link to paper: Storage Necessities and Costs of Shaping Renewable Power Toward Grid Decarbonization
By Micah S. Ziegler, et al. Joule, Aug 7, 2019
https://www.cell.com/joule/fulltext…30300-9)
Link to EIA estimates: Table 6.7.B. Capability Elements for Utility Scale Turbines Not Primarily Utilizing Fossil Fuels, January 2013-Might 2019
https://www.eia.gov/electricity/mon…
[SEPP Comment: Wind capacity seem to be unrealistically high. Using EIA data for 2018, an independent analysist gets 32.8% not EIA’s 37.4%.]Link to storage estimates: Costs of different battery storage applied sciences depend upon technical traits
By Employees EIA, June 1, 2018
https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/d…

Various, Green (“Clean”) Automobiles

Economics of Battery-Powered Automobiles, Half 2
By Donn Dears, Power For USA, Aug 6, 2019
https://ddears.com/2019/08/06/econo…

The diesel generator behind the electric automotive charging point
By Jo Nova, Her Blog, Aug 7, 2019
http://joannenova.com.au/2019/08/th…

Automakers Have to Start Worrying Concerning the Batteries Lurking in Older EVs
By Matt Posky, The Fact About Automobiles, Aug 5, 2019 [H/t Cooler Heads]https://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/2…

Nissan: Inexperienced Automotive Junkie as Casualty?
By Wayne Lusvardi, Grasp Resource , Aug 5, 2019
https://www.masterresource.org/elec…

Environmental Business

Anti-5G Activists Are Additionally Actual-Life Ghostbusters
By Alex Berezow, ACSH, July 29, 2019
https://www.acsh.org/news/2019/07/2…

Different Scientific Information

How NASA Will Shield Astronauts From Area Radiation on the Moon
By Lina Tran, NASA, Greenbelt, Aug 7, 2019 [H/t WUWT]https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddar…

‘Spin’ present in over half of medical trial abstracts revealed in prime psychiatry journals
Findings increase considerations about potential impression on docs’ remedy selections
By Employees. BMJ, By way of EurekAlert, Aug 5, 2019
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_rele…

Other News that Might Be of Curiosity

Silly Information
By John Stossel, Townhall, Aug 7, 2019
https://townhall.com/columnists/joh…
[SEPP Remark: Comparing “big news headlines” with truly vital events.]

African smoke is fertilizing Amazon rainforest and oceans
By Diana Udel for UM News Miami FL (SPX) Jul 31, 2019
http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/A…
Hyperlink to paper: African biomass burning is a substantial supply of phosphorus deposition to the Amazon, Tropical Atlantic Ocean, and Southern Ocean
By Anne E. Barkley, et al., PNAS, July 29, 2019
https://www.pnas.org/content/early/…

India’s hyperloop plans have been all speak-until now
By Employees, Quartz, Aug 6, 2019 [H/t Toshio Fujita]https://tribunecontentagency.com/ar…

BELOW THE BOTTOM LINE:
Geoengineering vs. volcanic exercise for a cooler local weather
By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Aug 6, 2019
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/08…

Solar energy from Australia to mild up Singapore
The formidable venture might take greater than a decade to complete, but the know-how is nearly ready
By Okay.G. Chan, Asia Occasions, July 19, 2019 [H/t WUWT]https://www.asiatimes.com/2019/07/a…

Some “Climate” Humor For The Week
By Francis Menton, Manhattan Contrarian, Aug 8, 2019
https://www.manhattancontrarian.com…

ARTICLES

1. If You Want ‘Renewable Energy,’ Get Able to Dig
Constructing one wind turbine requires 900 tons of steel, 2,500 tons of concrete and 45 tons of plastic.
By Mark P. Mills, WSJ, Aug 5, 2019
https://www.wsj.com/articles/if-you…

Edited by TWTW, Mills begins:

Democrats dream of powering society totally with wind and photo voltaic farms combined with large batteries. Realizing this dream would require the most important enlargement in mining the world has seen and would produce big quantities of waste.

‘Renewable energy’ is a misnomer. Wind and solar machines and batteries are built from nonrenewable supplies. They usually wear out. Previous gear have to be decommissioned, generating hundreds of thousands of tons of waste. The Worldwide Renewable Power Agency calculates that photo voltaic objectives for 2050 in step with the Paris Accords will end in previous-panel disposal constituting greater than double the tonnage of all right now’s international plastic waste. Contemplate some other sobering numbers:

A single electric-automotive battery weighs about 1,000 pounds. Fabricating one requires digging up, shifting and processing more than 500,000 kilos of raw supplies someplace on the planet. The choice? Use gasoline and extract one-tenth as much complete tonnage to ship the identical number of car-miles over the battery’s seven-yr life.

When electricity comes from wind or photo voltaic machines, every unit of power produced, or mile traveled, requires much more supplies and land than fossil fuels. That bodily actuality is literally seen: A wind or solar farm stretching to the horizon might be changed by a handful of fuel-fired turbines, each no greater than a tractor-trailer.”

After discussing specifics found in the text above, Mills continues:

“What’s extra, mining and fabrication require the consumption of hydrocarbons. Building enough wind turbines to provide half the world’s electricity would require almost two billion tons of coal to supply the concrete and metal, along with two billion barrels of oil to make the composite blades. Greater than 90% of the world’s photo voltaic panels are inbuilt Asia on coal-heavy electrical grids.

“Engineers joke about discovering ‘unobtanium,’ a magical energy-producing element that appears out of nowhere, requires no land, weighs nothing, and emits nothing. Absent the realization of that impossible dream, hydrocarbons remain a far better alternative than today’s green dreams.”

2. Vegetarianism as Climate Advantage Signaling
First World solipsism misses the purpose of a brand new U.N. report.
By Borg Lomborg, WSJ, Aug 8, 2019
https://www.wsj.com/articles/vegeta…

Edited by TWTW: In addition to what’s introduced above, Mr. Lomborg, the president of the Copenhagen Consensus Middle and writer of “The Skeptical Environmentalist” writes:

“Relatively than false hopes about dietary change, the main target must be on enhancing agricultural practices. First, natural food is dangerous for sustainability. A 2017 paper found natural farming takes 70% more land on common to supply the same amount of produce as typical methods. Making U.S. agricultural production totally natural would require changing an space larger than California and Texas mixed into farmland.

“Second, agricultural yields should improve. The Green Revolution of the 1970s unfold fertilizers and trendy practices, making an enduring difference in Asia and South America. A second Inexperienced Revolution is needed to make agriculture much more efficient.

“This implies extra spending on agricultural research and improvement, from typical breeding to genetic modification and even artificial meat, which makes vegetarianism a extra plausible selection. Copenhagen Consensus research estimates that growing analysis spending by $8 billion a yr would improve crop yields annually by a further 0.four%. This may sound modest, but it might improve food security, scale back costs, and obtain social good value greater than $30 for every dollar invested.

“Focusing solely on vegetarianism is more about virtue signaling than enhancing the food system. As an alternative of shaming individuals for eating hamburgers, let’s ramp up agricultural R&D.

3. Another Day in Bureaucratic Hell
A legal battle with the EPA exhibits the worst of the executive state.
Editorial, WSJ, Aug eight, 2019
https://www.wsj.com/articles/anothe…

Edited by TWTW; the editorial states:

“Trendy bureaucratic authorities can typically be troublesome to navigate. But this summer time a federal appeals courtroom in Washington, D.C., issued a ruling on the executive state that might make Kafka smile.

“The story begins in 2007 when Congress expanded the renewable fuel standard. The law set targets for how much ethanol and biodiesel must be blended into America’s fuel supply. In typical dereliction of legislative duty, Congress delegated much of the implementation to the Environmental Protection Agency. As one stipulation, the EPA was told to perform “periodic reviews” of the regulation’s results, together with “the impacts of the requirements described in subsection (a)(2).”

“First drawback: There isn’t any subsection (a)(2). This provision does not exist.

“Second drawback: For years the EPA never performed any formal periodic evaluation, no less than not recognized as such.

“In 2017 Valero Power filed a lawsuit. As an owner of refineries, Valero is required to both blend renewables into its products or purchase compliance credit referred to as RINs. Annually refiners spend a whole lot of hundreds of thousands of dollars on these credit. Valero would naturally be upset at the EPA’s failure to assessment how the renewable plan was working, because the regulation appeared to require. So the corporate asked the judiciary to step in.

“A district court in Texas sided with the EPA. Since the law specified only ‘periodic’ review, without dictating a timetable, the court ruled that the EPA could do it, essentially, whenever. The agency ‘has a duty to conduct these reviews,’ the judge wrote, ‘but discretion to determine when and how often.’ To steal an old Conan O’Brien gag, maybe the EPA would get around to it in the year 3000.”

Then got here the appeals, the editorial continues:

“The company sought help from the D.C. Circuit Courtroom of Appeals. No cube. On June 25 the courtroom dismissed the case for lack of jurisdiction. The EPA’s interpretive doc could not be reviewed, wrote Decide Sri Srinivasan, as a result of it ‘does not constitute final agency action.’ He cited a two-part check. First, a ‘final’ motion can’t be ‘merely tentative or interlocutory.’ Second, it should end in legal penalties or determine some get together’s rights or obligations.

“The EPA’s document ‘imposes no obligations, prohibitions, or restrictions,’ he wrote. ‘Nor does it affect EPA’s authorized obligation to conduct periodic evaluations. Somewhat, it leaves the world just as it discovered it.’ As a technical matter of regulation, this may be right and easily one other pretty day in the administrative state.

“However for Valero, this can be a saga of bureaucratic hell. Congress writes a regulation, giving energy to the EPA. Sloppy drafting creates a citation to nowhere. The EPA fails to conduct a formal evaluation and then, after being sued, claims it did so all alongside. When the regulated firm cries foul, it’s informed that ‘periodic’ merely means ‘not never.’ Then the EPA’s avowal of its own compliance is deemed unreviewable.

“This is what democracy looks like?”

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